Photo by Miraceti, courtesy Wikimedia Commons
Madeleine Albright, born in 1937 in Prague, became the first female U.S. Secretary of State for the in 1997, serving under the Clinton Administration. During her tenure, Albright worked for human rights, fought to curb nuclear weapons, championed NATO, and worked to mend Arab-Israeli relations. She has written several books, including her 2003 memoir, Madam Secretary, and launched the private investment fund Albright Capital Management. In 2012, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom.